Ukrainian forces have repeatedly seen a systematic approach by the Russians to acquire a target with a UAS. A high level UAS will identify a Ukrainian target.
Russian tactics in Ukraine [...] heavily feature their ability to correct indirect fires with certain types of their UAS. [Russian forces] will adjust their fire with the UAS based on the initial artillery strikes. The total time for this process can be as little as 10-15 minutes.
A command-and-control system [...] nets their input and delivers a strike order.
The sensor platforms [...] are often used at multiple altitudes over the same target with complimentary imaging. [The higher level UAS] will then pass off [the] target to another lower level UAS to determine the target coordinates.
Damage Assessment and Correction
COMMAND & CONTROL
Strike Order Delivery
By emphasizing tactical/operational ranges, [Russian forces] are able to identify target complex, net multiple sensor inputs, and produce a mass strike with high-lethality area fires. An on-call ground-based delivery system [...] can produce strikes within short order.
A high-level UAV will identify a Ukranian target.
Russians will adjust their fire with the UAS based on the initial artillery strikes.
The target is passed off to a lower-level UAV to determine the target coordinates.
A strike order is sent to an on-call, ground-based delivery system.
This data is sent to a command-and-control center to formulate a strike order.
Semi-accurate target information is passed to Ukranian forces
Ukranian forces use this reconnaissance information to engage the enemy.
Retrofitted consumer-grade drones are used by Ukranians to identify a target.
As the feedback loops show, Ukraine maintains a less sophisticated UAV arsenal with fewer capabilities.
This has occured in the following ways. Click any attack tactic to continue.
This leaves Ukraine’s arsenal vulnerable to attack from the Russians.
The most successful weapon against the Ukranian drones has been Russian use of a self-propelled Electronic Warfare vehicle with a targetable jammer. It breaks the GPS signal and the UAVs drop out of the sky. This is how the Russians took down the German supplied OSCE surveillance drones as well as most of the Ukrainian losses.
To shoot drones out of the sky, Russians will often emply machine guns or rapid-fire cannons.
Russians also often have the cabability to hack into the signal directing Ukranian UAVs. When this happens, Russians can often force Ukranian drones to reverse course.
To review, this is the information loop employed with Russian UAVs. Click anywhere on the screen to move through the loop.
However, the use-loop for Ukrainian drones is much simpler. Click anywhere on the screen to move through the loop.